EU economy's greenhouse gas emissions decrease by 4.0% in Q4 2023

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Greenhouse gas emissions generated by the European Union's economy totaled 897 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent in the fourth quarter of 2023, a decrease of 4% compared to the same period in 2022 (935 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent), according to the European Statistical Office (Eurostat).

The EU's GDP remained stable, recording a slight increase (0.2% in the fourth quarter of 2023 compared to the same period in 2022).

In the period October-December 2023, the economic sectors responsible for the largest reductions compared to the fourth quarter of 2022 were: electricity and gas supply (down 17.2%) and industry (3.1%). Household emissions remained almost stable.

Eurostat estimates that in the fourth quarter of 2023, greenhouse gas emissions decreased in 22 EU member states compared to the period of October-December 2022. The largest decreases are estimated in Estonia (down 23%), Bulgaria (down 17%), and Finland (down 9%).

Out of the 22 EU member states where greenhouse gas emissions decreased, 10 experienced an economic decline: Estonia, Finland, Sweden, Germany, Austria, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. Hungary maintained its GDP at the same level while reducing emissions. Another 11 EU member states: Bulgaria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Italy, Spain, France, Poland, Portugal, Romania, and Croatia reduced their emissions while experiencing economic growth.

Increases are estimated for Malta (7.7%), Slovenia (5.6%), Cyprus (2.3%), Slovakia (1.7%), and Greece (0.3%). All five member states recorded economic growth: Malta (4.3%), Slovenia (2.2%), Cyprus (2.1%), Slovakia (2.2%), and Greece (1.1%).

The EU has set a target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels, aiming for climate neutrality by 2050.

 

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Green Forum  |  20 June, 2024 at 8:04 AM